According to the Food and Drug Administration, approximately 15 percent of adults between 21 and 50 years old, and 30 percent of adults over 50, have gum disease (FDA 2http://www.botanicaculture.com/wp-admin/edit.php?post_type=oral-health002). Gingivitis is characterized by inflammation and bleeding of the gums. Because gingivitis is rarely painful in its early stages, it often goes unnoticed until severe irritation or receding gums occur.
What is Gingivitis?
Gingivitis is a form of periodontal disease. Periodontal disease involves inflammation and infection that destroys the tissues that support the teeth, including the gums, the periodontal ligaments, and the tooth sockets (alveolar bone). Gingivitis is due to the long-term effects of plaque deposits. Plaque is a sticky material made of bacteria, mucus, and food debris that develops on the exposed parts of the teeth. It is a major cause of tooth decay. Within 72 hours, plaque will harden into tartar that cannot be removed by brushing or flossing. If you do not remove plaque, it turns into a hard deposit called tartar that becomes trapped at the base of the tooth. Plaque and tartar irritate and inflame the gums. Bacteria and the toxins they produce cause the gums to become infected, swollen, and tender.
Cause of Gingivitis?
Injury to the gums from any cause, including overly vigorous brushing or flossing of the teeth, can cause gingivitis. The following raise your risk for developing gingivitis:
- General illness
- Poor dental hygiene
- Pregnancy (hormonal changes increase the sensitivity of the gums)
- Uncontrolled diabetes
- Misaligned teeth, rough edges of fillings, and ill-fitting or unclean mouth appliances
Braces, dentures, bridges, and crowns can irritate the gums and increase the risk of gingivitis.
Medication such as phenytoin and birth control pills, and heavy metals such as lead and bismuth are also associated with gingivitis. Many people have gingivitis to a varying degree.
Signs and symptoms
- Swollen gums
- Soft, puffy gums
- Receding gums
- Occasionally, tender gums
- Gums that bleed easily when you brush or floss, sometimes seen as redness or pinkness on your brush or floss
- A change in the color of your gums from a healthy pink to dusky red
- Bad breath
What are The Associated Dangers of Gingivitis?
There is a clear association between gum disease and heart disease. A 2004 study found that 91 percent of patients with cardiovascular disease also suffered from moderate to severe periodontal disease (Geerts SO et al 2004). While people with gum disease have a 25 percent greater risk of heart disease than those with healthy gums, researchers have only recently begun to uncover possible causes for this link. Researchers now believe that gum disease, which is inflammatory, causes the release of pro-inflammatory chemicals into the bloodstream, which triggers a systemic inflammatory response. Atherosclerosis is also an inflammatory disease, and many of the same factors that increase risk for heart disease also increase risk for gum disease, including C-reactive protein (CRP), fibrinogen, and cholesterol (Wu T et al 2000). This theory was supported by a recent study involving 5000 participants, which showed that oral inflammatory markers entering the bloodstream encouraged systemic inflammation (Noack B et al 2001). This large study also confirmed that periodontal disease and body mass index are jointly associated with increased levels of CRP in assessing the risk of heart disease.
How Do I Prevent Gingivitis
Here are a few ways to help treat gingivitis:
- visit the dentist to remove the hard plaque
- establish a good oral hygiene program by flossing your teeth after meals and brush your teeth at least 2 times a day
- use essential oils to replace your toothpaste and mouthwash
Process from Gingivitis Into Periodontitis
The beginning stages of periodontitis (periodontal disease) evolve from gingivitis, therefore it is extremely important to tackle your symptoms before they can cause irreversible problems. If gingivitis is allowed to persist and goes untreated, the area becomes so infected that destruction of gum attachment and bone levels occur around your teeth. This attachment loss starts out small, allowing food to pack under your gums as well as tartar to build up on the root of your teeth. Ultimately the infection becomes worse and worse until you reach the point where there is so much bone loss that your teeth become mobile and may possibly fall out.
Once you have lost teeth due to periodontal disease it makes everyday things like talking, chewing and swallowing more difficult to do. Even with tooth replacement options there is never anything quite like having your natural teeth, and you may have some problems adjusting. Bone loss from gum disease is irreversible, so it is important to prevent periodontitis by treating your gingivitis as soon as you begin to experience symptoms.
How to Prevent Gingivitis?
- Proper Brushing
Direct your toothbrush toward the gumlines helps target and remove bacteria where it matters the most. Be sure to choose a high quality toothbrush with gentle bristles that are soft on your delicate gum tissue. Brush at least twice each day for two minutes each time.
Wrap the floss around your teeth and slight it up and down under the gumlines, along the root of your teeth. If you have problem to floss, try using a floss pick or water flosser. No matter how good you brush, you’ll never be able to remove bacteria under the gums without flossing. Floss at least once a day to remove debris from under the gums, between the teeth, where a brush won’t reach.
- Use Oral Botanica
Oral Botanica liquid toothpaste importantly is the safest and the most effective oral care product, it is 100% organic food grade product which kills harmful bacteria on contact. Daily use of the Oral Botanica as toothpaste, mouthwash and breath freshener supresses bacteria commonly associated with destructive gum disease. Oral Botanica is oil toothpaste so it can reach bacteria living in gum pockets, on the tongue, and on the roof and walls of the mouth whereas conventional toothpaste can not reach.
- Improving your immunity
A diet rich in key vitamins and fresh vegetables can improve your immune system and reduce infection in the body. DHA, vitamin C, iron, and fibrous fruit are all shown to increase blood supply, boost the immunity, and speed up healing.
- Discontinue Using Tobacco Products
If you’re suffering from gum disease, smoking is one of the worst things you can do for your mouth. It is rare to see any type of healing take place in the mouth of people who smoke. The sooner you kick the habit the better it is.
- Seeing Your Dentist for Routine Preventive Care
Regular cleanings will remove tartar buildup, any areas of plaque that are missed, and help you keep your mouth healthy all year long. For patients with healthy mouths, professional cleanings are recommended every 6 months. People with active gum disease may need to be seen every 3 to 4 months until symptoms are reversed. Once you use Oral Botanica regularly, the plaque build-up is slower than people who are using conventional toothpaste.